WHERE WAS THE LAST BOTTLE OVEN EVER TO BE FIRED IN THE POTTERIES?
Although the firing was organised by Gladstone Pottery Museum none of its own bottle ovens could be used as they were just too fragile.
But in June 1976 a suitable oven was identified at the Sutherland Works of Hudson and Middleton (Longton) Ltd., Normacot Road, Longton. The oven was in ‘working condition’. It was last fired in 1963 close to the deadline set by the Clean Air Act. Its owner, George Fairweather, kindly and very generously allowed it to be used for the event.
The oven is a Grade 2 Listed Building.
At the time of the firing the company produced a leaflet detailing its history. This was handed to visitors to the event. This is the text of the leaflet.
A History of Hudson and Middleton (Longton) Ltd.
Records indicate Skelson and Plant as the first owners, probably starting business around 1834, at about the same time as the firm of Taylor, Middleton and Hudson, who, it is thought, occupied three separate factories in nearby streets. In the 1880s this firm became known as Middleton and Hudson, and records exist of their backstamps for the period.
|Hudson and Middleton from St James Church Tower|
Thanks to Phil Rowley for help in sourcing this image Date: 1910
The last oven to be fired is off to the left of the image
In 1892, Wm. Hudson and & Co. and J. Middleton & Co. came into being and Wm. Hudson & Co. moved into Sutherland Works using Sutherland China and later Royal Sutherland for their backstamps. J. Middleton & Co. occupied premises in Chelson Street nearby and were well known for their Delphine trademark.
|Last Bottle Oven to be fired in The Potteries, on the left|
Recreation Ground, Florence, Longton
Photo: Source unknown Date: 1978
In 1975 a new company was formed, Hudson & Middleton (Longton) Ltd. to continue in a more restricted range, lines traditional to the old company. Hudson & Middleton (Longton) Ltd. is in every sense a family business, with four members of the Fairweather family actively involved in its day to day running. Royal Kendal and Delphine trademarks predominate today with exports to Europe and North America of considerable importance to the business.
George Fairweather, owner of Sutherland Works, worked closely with the team for a long time and without his cooperation and generosity the firing could not have taken place.
|George Fairweather 1978|